clock_getcpuclockid - obtain ID of a process CPU-time clock


#include <time.h>

int clock_getcpuclockid(pid_t pid, clockid_t *clock_id);

Link with -lrt.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

clock_getcpuclockid(): _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600


The clock_getcpuclockid() function obtains the ID of the CPU-time clock of the process whose ID is pid, and returns it in the location pointed to by clock_id. If pid is zero, then the clock ID of the CPU-time clock of the calling process is returned.


On success, clock_getcpuclockid() returns 0; on error, it returns a positive error number.


ENOSYS The kernel does not support obtaining the per-process CPU-time clock of another process, and pid does not specify the calling process.
EPERM The caller does not have permission to access the CPU-time clock of the process specified by pid. (Specified as an optional error in POSIX.1-2001; does not occur on Linux unless the kernel does not support obtaining the per-process CPU-time clock of another process.)
ESRCH There is no process with the ID pid.


The clock_getcpuclockid() function is available in glibc since version 2.2.




Calling clock_gettime(2) with the clock ID obtained by a call to clock_getcpuclockid() with a pid of 0, is the same as using the clock ID CLOCK_PROCESS_CPUTIME_ID.


The example program below obtains the CPU-time clock ID of the process whose ID is given on the command line, and then uses clock_gettime(2) to obtain the time on that clock. An example run is the following:

$ ./a.out 1 # Show CPU clock of init process CPU-time clock for PID 1 is 2.213466748 seconds

Program source

#define _XOPEN_SOURCE 600 #include <stdio.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <time.h>

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) { clockid_t clockid; struct timespec ts;

if (argc != 2) { fprintf(stderr, "%s <process-ID>\n", argv[0]);         exit(EXIT_FAILURE); }

if (clock_getcpuclockid(atoi(argv[1]), &clockid) != 0) {         perror("clock_getcpuclockid");         exit(EXIT_FAILURE); }

if (clock_gettime(clockid, &ts) == -1) {         perror("clock_gettime");         exit(EXIT_FAILURE); }

printf("CPU-time clock for PID %s is %ld.%09ld seconds\n",          argv[1], (long) ts.tv_sec, (long) ts.tv_nsec); exit(EXIT_SUCCESS); }


clock_getres(2), timer_create(2), pthread_getcpuclockid(3), time(7)


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