truncate - shrink or extend the size of a file to the specifed size


truncate OPTION... FILE...


Shrink or extend the size of each FILE to the specified size

A FILE argument that does not exist is created.

If a FILE is larger than the specified size, the extra data is lost. If a FILE is shorter, it is extended and the extended part (hole) reads as zero bytes.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
-c, --no-create
 do not create any files
-o, --io-blocks
 Treat SIZE as number of IO blocks instead of bytes
-r, --reference=FILE
 use this FILE’s size
-s, --size=SIZE
 use this SIZE
--help display this help and exit
 output version information and exit
SIZE is a number which may be followed by one of the following suffixes: KB 1000, K 1024, MB 1000*1000, M 1024*1024, and so on for G, T, P, E, Z, Y.

SIZE may also be prefixed by one of the following modifying characters: ‘+’ extend by, ‘-’ reduce by, ‘<’ at most, ‘>’ at least, ‘/’ round down to multiple of, ‘%’ round up to multiple of.

Note that the -r and -s options are mutually exclusive.


Written by Padraig Brady.


Report truncate bugs to GNU coreutils home page: <> General help using GNU software: <>


Copyright © 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <>. This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.


dd(1), truncate(2), ftruncate(2)

The full documentation for truncate is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and truncate programs are properly installed at your site, the command
info coreutils 'truncate invocation'
should give you access to the complete manual.

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