pamaddnoise - add noise to a Netpbm image



[-type noise_type]

[-seed int] pamaddnoise -type gaussian

[-sigma1 value]

[-sigma2 value] [-seed int]

[netpbmfile] pamaddnoise -type multiplicative_gaussian

[-mgsigma value] [-seed int]

[netpbmfile] pamaddnoise -type impulse

[-tolerance ratio]

[-seed int] [netpbmfile] pamaddnoise -type laplacian

[-lsigma value]

[-seed int] [netpbmfile] pamaddnoise -type poisson

[-lambda value]

[-seed int] [netpbmfile]


This program is part of Netpbm(1)

pamaddnoise adds the specified noise type to a Netpbm image. pamaddnoise treats a PPM image as 3 independent planes, not as a plane of colors in a color space.


-lambda value
 Used for poisson noise only. The default value is 0.05.

-lsigma value
 Used for laplacian noise only. The default value is 10.0.

-mgsigma value
 Used for mutliplicative gaussian noise only. The default value is 0.5.

-seed int
 Used for all noise types. Set the initial random number generator seed value.

-sigma1 value
 Used for gaussian noise only. The default value is 4.0.

-sigma2 value
 Used for gaussian noise only. The default value is 20.0.

-tolerance ratio
 Used for impulse noise only. The default value is 0.10. This means that 5% of all pixel values will be set to 0 and 5% will be set to the maxval

-type noise_type
 Select type of noise by name. The following noise types are available: gaussian, multiplicative_gaussian, impulse, laplacian, poisson. Only enough letters to be unique are required for the noise type option. The default noise type is gaussian.

o gaussian
o mulitiplicative_gaussian
o impulse
o laplacian
o poisson


o ’Adaptive Image Restoration in Signal-Dependent Noise’ by R. Kasturi Institute for Electronic Science, Texas Tech University, 1982

o ’Digital Image Processing Algorithms’ by Ioannis Pitas, Prentice Hall, 1993 ISBN 0-13-145814-0


pgmnoise(1) , pgmmedian(1) , pnm(5) , pam(5) ,


pamaddnoise was added to Netpbm in Version 10.29 (August 2005). It had been distributed by Mike Burns via his own web site before that (and continued to be so).

Burns’ version, and the one in Netpbm 10.29, was called pnmaddnoise and worked only on PNM images. In Netpbm 10.30, it was converted to handle PAM images and renamed to pamaddnoise.


Copyright (C) 1995 by Mike Burns <>

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