head - output the first part of files


head [OPTION]... [FILE]...


Print the first 10 lines of each FILE to standard output. With more than one FILE, precede each with a header giving the file name. With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
-c, --bytes=[-]N
 print the first N bytes of each file; with the leading ‘-’, print all but the last N bytes of each file
-n, --lines=[-]N
 print the first N lines instead of the first 10; with the leading ‘-’, print all but the last N lines of each file
-q, --quiet, --silent
 never print headers giving file names
-v, --verbose
 always print headers giving file names
--help display this help and exit
 output version information and exit
N may have a multiplier suffix: b 512, kB 1000, K 1024, MB 1000*1000, M 1024*1024, GB 1000*1000*1000, G 1024*1024*1024, and so on for T, P, E, Z, Y.


Written by David MacKenzie and Jim Meyering.


Report head bugs to GNU coreutils home page: <> General help using GNU software: <>


Copyright © 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <>. This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.


The full documentation for head is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and head programs are properly installed at your site, the command
info coreutils 'head invocation'
should give you access to the complete manual.

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