stp - Ghostscript device driver for ESC/P, ESC/P2, RTL/PCL


Options for the stp driver are given in normal Ghostscript manner. The resolution of the image calculated by Ghostscript is not bound to the resolution of the printer output. It is for example possible to specify -r360 to gs and print the output in 1440x720 dpi (see below for driver parameter). The result is a somewhat faster operation of the driver.

The device name is "stp" (-sDEVICE=stp)

The driver will not permit use of invalid settings.

The options for this driver are very complex. We strongly recommend use of a printer management system such as Foomatic rather than configuring a spooler manually with this driver. The driver name used by Foomatic is "gimp-print".

Overview for the IJS Driver:

Most options for the ijsgimpprint driver are similar to those for the stp driver. The major difference is that most of the Gimp-Print specific options are bundled together into a single option that is passed in as a special -sIjsParams parameter, and the normal Ghostscript -s and -d flags, indicating whether an option is a string or a number, are not used in this special parameter.

The device name is "ijs" (-sDEVICE=ijs). In addition, the location of the driver program must be specified. This will typically be /usr/bin/ijsgimpprint; the parameter in this case is -sIjsServer=/usr/bin/ijsgimpprint .

Also, -dIjsUseOutputFD should be specified whenever output from Ghostscript will go to stdout or into a pipe. It may be specified in all other cases, with only a slight performance degradation.

The -sIjsParams parameter contains a single string containing a comma-separated list of sub-options:


and so forth.

The options for this driver are very complex. We strongly recommend use of a printer management system such as Foomatic rather than configuring a spooler manually with this driver. The driver name used by Foomatic is "gimp-print-ijs".

Printer Model Selection (Option STP: \-sModel=name , IJS: \-sDeviceManufacturer=vendor \-sDeviceModel=name):

This option must be supplied. There is no default. The IJS driver requires the vendor (it’s part of the protocol), but the ijsgimpprint driver ignores it. It should be CANON, EPSON, LEXMARK, or HEWLETT-PACKARD. The value of the -sDeviceModel parameter is the same as the value of the -sModel parameter in the stp driver.

model nameprinter
bjc-30CANON BJC 30
bjc-50CANON BJC 50
bjc-55CANON BJC 55
bjc-80CANON BJC 80
bjc-85CANON BJC 85
bjc-210CANON BJC 210
bjc-240CANON BJC 240
bjc-250CANON BJC 250
bjc-1000CANON BJC 1000
bjc-2000CANON BJC 2000
bjc-3000CANON BJC 3000
bjc-4300CANON BJC 4300
bjc-4400CANON BJC 4400 photo
bjc-6000CANON BJC 6000
bjc-6100CANON BJC 6100
bjc-6200CANON BJC 6200
bjc-6500CANON BJC 6500
bjc-7000CANON BJC 7000
bjc-7100CANON BJC 7100
bjc-8200CANON BJC 8200
bjc-s200CANON S200
bjc-s400CANON S400
bjc-s450CANON S450
bjc-s800CANON S800
bjc-s4500CANON S4500
escp2-c20sxEPSON Stylus C20SX
escp2-c20uxEPSON Stylus C20UX
escp2-c40sxEPSON Stylus C40SX
escp2-c40uxEPSON Stylus C40UX
escp2-c41sxEPSON Stylus C41SX
escp2-c41uxEPSON Stylus C41UX
escp2-c42sxEPSON Stylus C42SX
escp2-c42uxEPSON Stylus C42UX
escp2-c43sxEPSON Stylus C43SX
escp2-c43uxEPSON Stylus C43UX
escp2-c44sxEPSON Stylus C44SX
escp2-c44uxEPSON Stylus C44UX
escp2-c50EPSON Stylus C50
escp2-c60EPSON Stylus C60
escp2-c61EPSON Stylus C61
escp2-c62EPSON Stylus C62
escp2-c70EPSON Stylus C70
escp2-c80EPSON Stylus C80
escp2-c82EPSON Stylus C82
escp2-c83EPSON Stylus C83
escp2-c84EPSON Stylus C84
escp2EPSON Stylus Color
escp2-proEPSON Stylus Color Pro
escp2-pro-xlEPSON Stylus Color Pro XL
escp2-400EPSON Stylus Color 400
escp2-440EPSON Stylus Color 440
escp2-460EPSON Stylus Color 460
escp2-480EPSON Stylus Color 480
escp2-500EPSON Stylus Color 500
escp2-580EPSON Stylus Color 580
escp2-600EPSON Stylus Color 600
escp2-640EPSON Stylus Color 640
escp2-660EPSON Stylus Color 660
escp2-670EPSON Stylus Color 670
escp2-680EPSON Stylus Color 680
escp2-740EPSON Stylus Color 740
escp2-760EPSON Stylus Color 760
escp2-777EPSON Stylus Color 777
escp2-800EPSON Stylus Color 800
escp2-850EPSON Stylus Color 850
escp2-860EPSON Stylus Color 860
escp2-880EPSON Stylus Color 880
escp2-83EPSON Stylus Color 83
escp2-900EPSON Stylus Color 900
escp2-980EPSON Stylus Color 980
escp2-1160EPSON Stylus Color 1160
escp2-1500EPSON Stylus Color 1500
escp2-1520EPSON Stylus Color 1520
escp2-3000EPSON Stylus Color 3000
escp2-photoEPSON Stylus Photo
escp2-700EPSON Stylus Photo 700
escp2-exEPSON Stylus Photo EX
escp2-ex3EPSON Stylus Photo EX3
escp2-720EPSON Stylus Photo 720
escp2-750EPSON Stylus Photo 750
escp2-780EPSON Stylus Photo 780
escp2-785EPSON Stylus Photo 785EPX
escp2-790EPSON Stylus Photo 790
escp2-810EPSON Stylus Photo 810
escp2-820EPSON Stylus Photo 820
escp2-825EPSON Stylus Photo 825
escp2-830EPSON Stylus Photo 830
escp2-870EPSON Stylus Photo 870
escp2-875EPSON Stylus Photo 875
escp2-890EPSON Stylus Photo 890
escp2-895EPSON Stylus Photo 895
escp2-ph900EPSON Stylus Photo 900
escp2-915EPSON Stylus Photo 915
escp2-925EPSON Stylus Photo 925
escp2-950EPSON Stylus Photo 950
escp2-960EPSON Stylus Photo 960
escp2-1200EPSON Stylus Photo 1200
escp2-1270EPSON Stylus Photo 1270
escp2-1280EPSON Stylus Photo 1280
escp2-1290EPSON Stylus Photo 1290
escp2-2000EPSON Stylus Photo 2000P
escp2-2100EPSON Stylus Photo 2100
escp2-2200EPSON Stylus Photo 2200
escp2-5000EPSON Stylus Pro 5000
escp2-5500EPSON Stylus Pro 5500
escp2-7000EPSON Stylus Pro 7000
escp2-7500EPSON Stylus Pro 7500
escp2-7600EPSON Stylus Pro 7600
escp2-9000EPSON Stylus Pro 9000
escp2-9500EPSON Stylus Pro 9500
escp2-9600EPSON Stylus Pro 9600
escp2-10000EPSON Stylus Pro 10000
escp2-scan2000EPSON Stylus Scan 2000
escp2-scan2500EPSON Stylus Scan 2500
escp2-cx3200EPSON Stylus CX-3200
escp2-cx5200EPSON Stylus CX-5200
escp2-cl700EPSON CL-700
escp2-cl750EPSON CL-750
escp2-em900cEPSON EM-900C
escp2-em930cEPSON EM-930C
escp2-mc10000EPSON MC-10000
escp2-mc2000EPSON MC-2000
escp2-mc5000EPSON MC-5000
escp2-mc7000EPSON MC-7000
escp2-mc9000EPSON MC-9000
escp2-mj930cEPSON MJ-930C
escp2-mj5100cEPSON MJ-5100C
escp2-mj6000cEPSON MJ-6000C
escp2-mj8000cEPSON MJ-8000C
escp2-pm10000EPSON PM-10000
escp2-pm2000cEPSON PM-2000C
escp2-pm2200cEPSON PM-2200C
escp2-pm3000cEPSON PM-3000C
escp2-pm3300cEPSON PM-3300C
escp2-pm3500cEPSON PM-3500C
escp2-pm4000pxEPSON PM-4000PX
escp2-pm5000cEPSON PM-5000C
escp2-pm7000cEPSON PM-7000C
escp2-pm700cEPSON PM-700C
escp2-pm730cEPSON PM-730C
escp2-pm750cEPSON PM-750C
escp2-pm760cEPSON PM-760C
escp2-pm770cEPSON PM-770C
escp2-pm780cEPSON PM-780C
escp2-pm790ptEPSON PM-790PT
escp2-pm800cEPSON PM-800C
escp2-pm850ptEPSON PM-850PT
escp2-pm880cEPSON PM-880C
escp2-pm9000cEPSON PM-9000C
escp2-pm950cEPSON PM-950C
escp2-pm970cEPSON PM-970C
escp2-px7000EPSON PX-7000
escp2-px9000EPSON PX-9000
pcl-desnj-230HP DesignJet 230
pcl-desnj-250HP DesignJet 250
pcl-desnj-430HP DesignJet 430
pcl-desnj-450HP DesignJet 450
pcl-desnj-455HP DesignJet 455
pcl-desnj-488HP DesignJet 488
pcl-desnj-700HP DesignJet 700
pcl-750HP DesignJet 750C
pcl-desnj-2500HP DesignJet 2500
pcl-desnj-3500HP DesignJet 3500
pcl-340HP DeskJet 340
pcl-400HP DeskJet 400
pcl-500HP DeskJet 500
pcl-501HP DeskJet 500C
pcl-520HP DeskJet 520
pcl-540HP DeskJet 540C
pcl-550HP DeskJet 550C
pcl-560HP DeskJet 560C
pcl-600HP DeskJet 600/600C (Single Cartridge)
pcl-601HP DeskJet 600 series (2 Cartridge)
pcl-690HP DeskJet 690 series (Photo-Ink capable)
pcl-810HP DeskJet 810C
pcl-812HP DeskJet 812C
pcl-840HP DeskJet 840C
pcl-842HP DeskJet 842C
pcl-845HP DeskJet 845C
pcl-850HP DeskJet 850C
pcl-855HP DeskJet 855C
pcl-870HP DeskJet 870C
pcl-890HP DeskJet 890C
pcl-895HP DeskJet 895C
pcl-900HP DeskJet 900 series
pcl-P1000HP PhotoSmart P1000
pcl-1100HP DeskJet 1100C
pcl-P1100HP PhotoSmart P1100
pcl-1120HP DeskJet 1120C
pcl-1200HP DeskJet 1200C
pcl-1220HP DeskJet 1220C
pcl-1600HP DeskJet 1600C
pcl-2000HP DeskJet 2000 series
pcl-2500HP DeskJet 2500 series
pcl-2HP LaserJet II series
pcl-3HP LaserJet III series
pcl-4HP LaserJet 4 series
pcl-4lHP LaserJet 4L
pcl-4vHP LaserJet 4V, 4Si
pcl-5HP LaserJet 5 series
pcl-5siHP LaserJet 5Si
pcl-6HP LaserJet 6 series
lexmark-4076Lexmark 4076 (PCL printer)
lexmark-z42Lexmark Z42
lexmark-z43Lexmark Z43
lexmark-z52Lexmark Z52
lexmark-z53Lexmark Z53

Most or all of the Epson Stylus printers are fully functional. The others vary. In particular, all of the listed Epson Stylus Photo printers print in full 6-color photo mode; most of the others do not. The color output has also been better tuned for Epson Stylus printers than for others.

Print Resolution Selection (Option STP: \-sQuality= , IJS: \-sIjsParams=Quality=):

The meaning of this is model-specific. Two names are listed for each resolution; the first (short) name is the value that must be passed to -sQuality, and the second (long) name is descriptive. Each printer has its own default value; for most printers, this is a reasonable 300 or 360 DPI resolution.

For Epson Stylus printers:

Within each specified resolution, the quality is generally listed from worst to best (and generally higher quality means lower speed). For example, 360 DPI Unidirectional is usually better than 360 DPI. Characteristics of specific models and individual printers may affect the orderings to some degree; on many printers, with certain papers, unidirectional printing will improve quality substantially more than using an otherwise better quality printing mode.

The difference between different quality settings lies in the number of passes made over each line. High and Highest quality settings perform more passes, printing fewer dots with each pass over the same line and using different nozzles for each pass. This reduces banding effects, but requires more time.

Interleave modes use algorithms within the printer to generate the sequence of rows printed. These algorithms generally only work well at low printing resolutions. Many printers do not support this kind of printing at resolutions of 720 DPI and above, and some printers that do actually print just one row (using just one nozzle per color) at a time. While this particular use will produce extremely high quality (no banding whatsoever, normally), it is extremely slow and may eventually damage the print head due to ink pooling. All printers that we are aware of have no such trouble at 360 DPI.

We generally recommend the following resolutions for the following purposes:

360x120 Fast economy draft output on plain paper (output will be very banded and not very dark).
180 Economy draft output on plain paper (output will not be very dark).
360x240 Draft output on plain paper (output will not be solidly black); economy draft output on good quality inkjet paper.
360 Standard quality output on plain paper (output will be solidly black); draft output on good quality inkjet paper.
720x360 High quality output on plain paper; standard output on good quality inkjet paper.
720 Maximum quality on plain paper; high quality on good inkjet paper; proofs on photo-quality paper. On many printers, there will be little difference between this and 720x360 on plain paper.
1440x720 High quality on photo paper; use 1440x720 Highest Quality to reduce microbanding if needed. While this will work on plain paper, it usually offers little improvement over 720 DPI.
2880x720 Highest quality on photo paper. While this may yield slightly improved quality, it will generally not be markedly superior to 1440x720 Highest Quality, except on the Stylus Color 980 and Stylus C70 and C80, where it may yield a noticeable improvement. It takes as long to print as 1440x720 highest quality, but twice as long to generate the output.
1440x1440 An unsupported mode that offers higher quality than 2880x720 for certain types of images on very high quality paper. It does not appear to offer any advantage on smooth tones, but fine detail (particularly vertical, and to a lesser extent near-horizontal) it shows noticeable improvement. It takes as long to print as 2880x720. 1440x1440 highest quality takes twice as long to print.
2880x1440 An unsupported mode that may offer higher quality than 2880x720 for certain types of images on very high quality paper. Experiments conducted thus far demonstrate little if any improvement over 1440x1440. It takes twice as long to print as 2880x720 or 1440x1440, and as long to print as 1440x1440 highest quality.
The following resolutions are supported on printers other than the Stylus Pro (5000, 5500, 7000, 7500, 9000, 9500, and 10000) printers. Resolutions for those printers are listed in a later section. Please see the notes at the end of this section.

360x90dpi360 x 90 DPI Fast Economy Draft(1)
180dpi180 DPI Economy Draft(2)
360x180dpi360 x 180 DPI Draft(2)
360x180sw360 x 180 DPI Draft(3)
360x120dpi360 x 120 DPI Economy Draft(4)
360x120sw360 x 120 DPI Economy Draft(5)
360x240dpi360 x 240 DPI Draft(4)
360x240sw360 x 240 DPI Draft(5)
360dpi360 DPI(6)
360uni360 DPI Unidirectional(6)
360mw360 DPI Interleave(6, *)
360mwuni360 DPI Interleave Unidirectional(6)
360sw360 DPI(7, 17, *)
360swuni360 DPI Unidirectional(7, 17)
360hq360 DPI High Quality(7, 8, 17)
360hquni360 DPI High Quality Unidirectional(7, 8, 17)
720x360sw720 x 360 DPI(9, 10)
720x360swuni720 x 360 DPI Unidirectional(9, 10)
720mw720 DPI Interleave(11)
720mwuni720 DPI Interleave Unidirectional(11)
720sw720 DPI(9)
720swuni720 DPI Unidirectional(9)
720hq720 DPI High Quality(9)
720hquni720 DPI High Quality Unidirectional(9)
720hq2720 DPI Highest Quality(9)
1440x720mw1440 x 720 DPI Interleave(12)
1440x720mwuni1440 x 720 DPI Interleave Unidirectional(12)
1440x720sw1440 x 720 DPI(13)
1440x720swuni1440 x 720 DPI Unidirectional(13, 14)
1440x720hq1440 x 720 DPI Highest Quality(13)
2880x720sw2880 x 720 DPI(15)
2880x720swuni2880 x 720 DPI Unidirectional(15)
1440x1440sw1440 x 1440 DPI(16)
1440x1440hq21440 x 1440 DPI Highest Quality(16)
2880x1440sw2880 x 1440 DPI(16)

(*) This resolution is the default on all printers supporting this setting.
(1) Works on printers that have a basic vertical spacing of 1/90". This includes the Stylus Color, Stylus Color 440, 460, 600, 640, 660, 670, and 1500, and Stylus Photo, Stylus Photo 700, 720, and EX.
(2) Works on most printers that have a basic vertical spacing of 1/90, 1/180, or 1/360 inch. This includes Stylus Color, Stylus Color 440, 460, 600, 640, 660, 670, 800, 850, 900, 980, 1500, 1520, 3000, and Stylus Photo, Stylus Photo 700, 720 and EX.
(3) Works on Stylus C70, C80, and C82; and Stylus Photo 950, 960, 2100, and 2200.
(4) Works on older printers with dot spacing of 1/120 inch. This includes the Stylus Color Pro, Pro XL, 400, and 500.
(5) Works on newer printers with dot spacing of 1/120 inch. This includes the Stylus C20, C40, C41, C42, C60, C61, and C62; the Stylus Color 480, 580, 680, 740, 760, 777, 860, 880, 83, and 1160, and the Stylus Photo 750, 780, 785, 790, 810, 820, 830, 870, 875, 890, 895, 915, 925, 1270, 1280, 1290, and 2000P, and the Stylus Scan 2000 and 2500.
(6) Works on all printers that do not support variable drop sizes. This includes the Stylus Color, Stylus Color 400, 440, 460, 500, 600, 640, 660, 800, 850, 1500, 1520, and 3000, Stylus Color Pro, Stylus Color Pro XL, and Stylus Photo, Stylus Photo 700, and EX.
(7) Works on all printers that do support variable drop sizes. This includes all supported Epson Stylus printers except for those listed in note (6).
(8) Recommended only on processors slower than 200 MHz, the system is heavily loaded with a faster processor, or if problems are experienced at 720x360.
(9) Works on all supported printers except for Stylus Color, Stylus Color Pro, Stylus Color Pro XL, Stylus Color 1500, 1520, and 3000.
(10) On printers that do not support variable drop size (see note (4)), this will print as fast as 360 DPI, and faster than 360 DPI High Quality. It will take twice as long to generate output, which may be important on a heavily loaded system or a processor slower than 200 MHz.
(11) Works on some older printers, including the Stylus Color, Stylus Color 400, 500, 600, 800, 850, 1500, 1520, and 3000, Stylus Color Pro, and Stylus Color Pro XL. Not recommended except for the Stylus Color, Stylus Color 1500, 1520, and 3000.
(12) Works on Stylus Color 600, 800, 850, 1520, and 3000. Not recommended unless other 1440x720 modes do not work.
(13) Works on all printers that support 1440x720 DPI. This includes all supported printers except for the Stylus Color, Stylus Color Pro, Pro XL, 400, 440, 460, 480, 500, and 1500, and Stylus Photo. In addition, this may not work correctly on Stylus Color 1520 and Stylus Color 3000.
(14) This is identical to 1440 x 720 Highest Quality (1440x720hq) on the Stylus Color 900.
(15) Works on all printers that support 2880x720 DPI. This includes the Stylus C60, C61, C62, C70, C80, and C82, the Stylus Color 680, 777, 880, 83, and 980, and Stylus Photo 780, 790, 810, 820, 830, 890, 915, 925, 950, 960, 1280, and 1290. This resolution is offered on the Stylus Photo 2100 and 2200, but may not work correctly.
(16) Works on Epson Stylus Photo 830, 925, 950, 960, 2100, 2200; Stylus C61, C62, C70, C80, C82 ; Stylus Pro 7600 and 9600. This resolution is not supported by Epson on the C70 and C80, but it works correctly on at least some such printers.
(17) These resolutions print at particularly high speed on the Epson Stylus Photo 950, 960, 2100, and 2200 when printing in Four Color Standard or Three Color Composite modes, or when printing in monochrome or grayscale with any ink type other than Two Level Grayscale, Seven Color Photo, or Quadtone.
The Stylus Pro printers (Stylus Pro 5000, 5500, 7000, 7500, 7600, 9000, 9500, 9600, and 10000) support additional interleave modes known as Full Overlap (FOL), Four Pass, and FOL2. The Stylus Pro 5500, 7500, 7600, 9500, 9600, and 10000 additionally have a mode called MW2. These modes can only be used at certain resolutions. Stylus Pro printers support the following resolutions:

180dpi180 DPI
360dpi360 DPI
360uni360 DPI Unidirectional
360mw360 DPI Interleave
360mwuni360 DPI Interleave Unidirectional
360fol360 DPI Full Overlap
360foluni360 DPI Full Overlap Unidirectional
360fol2360 DPI FOL2
360fol2uni360 DPI FOL2 Unidirectional
360mw2360 DPI MW2
360mw2uni360 DPI MW2 Unidirectional
720x360dpi720 x 360 DPI
720x360uni720 x 360 DPI Unidirectional
720x360fol720 x 360 DPI FOL
720x360foluni720 x 360 DPI FOL Unidirectional
720x360fol2720 x 360 DPI FOL2
720x360fol2uni720 x 360 DPI FOL2 Unidirectional
720x360mw2720 x 360 DPI MW2
720x360mw2uni720 x 360 DPI MW2 Unidirectional
720dpi720 DPI
720uni720 DPI Unidirectional
720mw720 DPI Interleave
720mwuni720 DPI Interleave Unidirectional
720fol720 DPI Full Overlap
720foluni720 DPI Full Overlap Unidirectional
720fourp720 DPI Four Pass
720fourpuni720 DPI Four Pass Unidirectional
1440x720dpi1440 x 720 DPI
1440x720uni1440 x 720 DPI Unidirectional
1440x720mw1440 x 720 DPI Interleave
1440x720mwuni1440 x 720 DPI Interleave Unidirectional
1440x720fol1440 x 720 DPI FOL
1440x720foluni1440 x 720 DPI FOL Unidirectional
1440x720fourp1440 x 720 DPI Four Pass
1440x720fourpuni1440 x 720 DPI Four Pass Unidirectional

In addition, the Stylus Pro 7600 and 9600 printers support the following resolutions:

2880x720dpi2880 x 720 DPI
2880x720uni2880 x 720 DPI Unidirectional
2880x720mw2880 x 720 DPI Interleave
2880x720mwuni2880 x 720 DPI Interleave Unidirectional
2880x720fol2880 x 720 DPI FOL
2880x720foluni2880 x 720 DPI FOL Unidirectional
2880x720fourp2880 x 720 DPI Four Pass
2880x720fourpuni2880 x 720 DPI Four Pass Unidirectional
1440x1440dpi1440 x 1440 DPI
1440x1440uni1440 x 1440 DPI Unidirectional
1440x1440mw1440 x 1440 DPI Interleave
1440x1440mwuni1440 x 1440 DPI Interleave Unidirectional
1440x1440fol1440 x 1440 DPI FOL
1440x1440foluni1440 x 1440 DPI FOL Unidirectional
1440x1440fourp1440 x 1440 DPI Four Pass
1440x1440fourpuni1440 x 1440 DPI Four Pass Unidirectional
2880x1440dpi2880 x 1440 DPI
2880x1440uni2880 x 1440 DPI Unidirectional
2880x1440mw2880 x 1440 DPI Interleave
2880x1440mwuni2880 x 1440 DPI Interleave Unidirectional
2880x1440fol2880 x 1440 DPI FOL
2880x1440foluni2880 x 1440 DPI FOL Unidirectional
2880x1440fourp2880 x 1440 DPI Four Pass
2880x1440fourpuni2880 x 1440 DPI Four Pass Unidirectional

For PCL printers (including Hewlett-Packard and Lexmark 4076):

150dpi150x150 DPI(should work on all printers)
300dpi300x300 DPI(should work on all printers, C-RET on
  DJ 850/855/870/890)
600x300dpi600x300 DPI(DJ 6xx/810/812/840/842/895)
600mono600x600 DPI monochrome 
  (DJ 6xx (except 69x) /8xx/1100/1120)
600dpi600x600 DPI(DJ 69x/840/9xx/1220/2000/2500,
  PhotoSmart P1000/P1100, LJ5/5Si/6)

Note: the higher resolutions of newer PCL printers using "Photo-Ret" are not yet supported.

For Lexmark printers other than the 4076:

300x600dpi300 DPI x 600 DPI 
600dpi600 DPI 
600hq600 DPI high quality 
600uni600 DPI Unidirectional 
1200dpi1200 DPI 
1200hq1200 DPI high quality 
1200hq21200 DPI highest quality 
1200uni1200 DPI Unidirectional 
2400x1200dpi2400 DPI x 1200 DPI(Z52)
2400x1200hq2400 DPI x 1200 DPI high quality(Z52)
2400x1200hq22400 DPI x 1200 DPI highest quality(Z52)

For Canon printers:

1200 DPI printers (BJC 7000, BJC 7100, BJC 8500):

300x300dpi300x300 DPI
300x300dmt300x300 DPI DMT
600x600dpi600x600 DPI
600x600dmt600x600 DPI DMT
1200x600dpi1200x600 DPI
1200x1200dpi1200x1200 DPI

1440 DPI printers (BJC 30, BJC 50, BJC 55, BJC 80, BJC 85, BJC 210, BJC 240, BJC 250, BJC 1000, BJC 2000, BJC 3000, BJC 4300, BJC 4400, BJC 6000, BJC 6100, BJC 6200, BJC 6500, BJC 8200, S400, S450, S800, S4500):

360x360dpi360x360 DPI
360x360dmt360x360 DPI DMT
720x360dpi720x360 DPI
720x720dpi720x720 DPI
1440x720dpi1440x720 DPI
1440x1440dpi1440x1440 DPI

Ink Types

This is printer type specific. The option names are case sensitive. The option names are case sensitive. Two names are listed for each resolution; the first (short) name is the value that must be passed to -sInkType, and the second (long) name is descriptive. Not all ink types are supported on all printers.

Option STP: -sInkType=inktype Option IJS: -sIjsParams=InkType=inktype

For Epson and Lexmark (other than the 4076) printers:

Six color printers can print using four color inks or all six colors. Six color mode is recommended for photographs. Four color mode may be useful when printing text with embedded graphics to reduce ink consumption, or to print higher quality with Ordered, Fast, or Very Fast dithering (see below).

The Composite modes use only color inks (no black) to produce all colors and black. These ink types are rarely useful, but on certain types of paper they may produce a smoother image than that produced by mixing black ink in. The Epson Stylus Color 1500 cannot mix black ink with colored inks; on this printer, Three Color Composite must be used.

Photo7Seven Color Photo (CcMmYKk, for the Epson Stylus
 Photo 2100 and 2200, and Stylus Pro 7600 and 9600)
PhotoCMYKSix Color Photo
PhotoCMYFive Color Photo Composite
CMYKFour Color Standard
RGBThree Color Composite
QuadtoneQuadtone grayscale inks (special third party inksets
 designed to produce superior results for grayscale
Gray2Two Level Grayscale (Kk, for the Epson stylus Photo
 2100 and 2200, and Stylus Pro 7600 and 9600)

For Canon printers:


For PCL (Hewlett-Packard and Lexmark 4076) color printers:

CMYKColor + Black Cartridges
PhotoColor + Photo Cartridges (For Deskjet 69x only)

Black and white PCL printers (laser printers, in particular) do not allow any value to be specified for the ink type.

Media Types

This is printer type specific. The option names are case sensitive. Two names are listed for each resolution; the first (short) name is the value that must be passed to -sMediaType, and the second (long) name is descriptive.

Option STP: -sMediaType=mediatype Option IJS: -sIjsParams=MediaType=mediatype

For Epson and Lexmark (other than the 4076) inkjet printers:

PlainPlain Paper
PlainFastPlain Paper Fast Load
GlossyFilmGlossy Film
BackFilmBack Light Film
MatteMatte Paper
InkjetInkjet Paper
CoatedPhoto Quality Inkjet Paper
GlossyPhotoPremium Glossy Photo Paper
LusterPremium Luster Photo Paper
PhotoPhoto Paper
GlossyPhoto Quality Glossy Paper
IlfordIlford Heavy Paper

We have found that glossy photo papers not specifically designed for Epson printers generally perform poorly in Epson printers. The ink tends to pool on the paper, causing muddy shadows and possibly leaving ink on the printer rollers. Use of the highest quality printing modes (1440x720 highest quality and 2880x720 unidirectional) produces the best result on such papers, probably because printing is slower and there is more time for the ink to dry.

For Canon printers:

PlainPlain Paper
BackFilmBack Print Film
FabricFabric Sheets
CoatedHigh Resolution Paper
TShirtT-Shirt Transfers
GlossyFilmHigh Gloss Film
GlossyPaperGlossy Photo Paper
GlossyCardsGlossy Photo Cards
GlossyProPhoto Paper Pro

For PCL (Hewlett-Packard and Lexmark 4076) inkjet printers:

GlossyQDQuick-dry Photo
TransparencyQDQuick-dry Transparency

PCL laser printers do not allow specification of any media type.

Media Sources

This is printer type specific. The option names are case sensitive.

Option STP: -sInputSlot=mediasource Option IJS: -sIjsParams=MediaSource=mediasource

Epson printers without a roll feed mechanism should not have this option set.

For Epson printers with a roll feed mechanism without a paper cutter (Stylus Photo 785, 825, 870, 875, 890, 895, 915, 1200, 1270, 1280, 1290):

RollRoll Feed

For Epson printers with a roll feed mechanism with a paper cutter (Stylus Photo 925, 950, 960, 2100, 2200):

RollCutPageRoll feed, cut each page
RollCutNoneRoll feed, do not cut

NOTE: The -sInputSlot=RollCutPage does not work with the STP driver, only with the IJS driver.

For Epson Stylus Pro printers without a roll feed mechanism (Stylus Pro 5000, 5500):

CutSheet1Cut sheet bin 1
CutSheet2Cut sheet bin 2
CutSheetAutoCut sheet autoselect
ManualSelectManual selection

For Epson Stylus Pro printers with a roll feed mechanism (Stylus Pro 7000, 7500, 7600, 9000, 9500, 9600, 10000, 10600):

RollRoll Feed

For Canon printers:

Auto Auto Sheet Feeder 
Manual Manual with Pause 
ManualNP Manual without Pause 

For PCL (Hewlett-Packard and Lexmark 4076) printers. Different printers allow different choices out of this set.

StandardStandard(Feed from printer defined source)
MultiPurposeTray 1 
UpperTray 2 
LowerTray 3 
LargeCapacityTray 4 
PortablePortable Sheet Feeder 
DesktopDesktop Sheet Feeder 
Tray2Tray 2 
OptionalOptional Source 

For Lexmark printers other than the 4076:

AutoAuto Sheet Feeder
ManualManual with Pause
ManualNPManual without Pause

Media Sizes

This is printer-specific; we cannot list the correct values for each printer here. The option names are case-sensitive. Two names are listed for each resolution; the first (short) name is the value that must be passed to -sPAPERSIZE, and the second (long) name is descriptive. This option does not set GhostScript up to use a paper size other than the default; it only tells the driver to set up the printer for a different paper size. The default paper size is

Option STP: -sPAPERSIZE=papersize Option IJS: -sPAPERSIZE=papersize (for known Ghostscript paper sizes) or


where x and y are the width and height of the paper respectively, in points (1/72")

* Common English paper sizes

LetterLetter8.5in x 11inx=612, y=792
LegalLegal8.5in x 14inx=612, y=1008
TabloidTabloid11in x 17inx=792, y=1224
ExecutiveExecutive7.25in x 10.5inx=522, y=756
PostcardPostcard100mm x 147mmx=283, y=416
w216h3603x5 x=216, y=360
w288h4324x6 x=288, y=432
w324h495Epson 4x6 Photo Paper x=324, y=495
w360h5045x7 x=360, y=504
w360h5765x8 x=360, y=576
8x108x10 x=576, y=720
StatementManual5.5in x 8.5inx=396, y=612
TabloidExtra12x18 x=864, y=1296
SuperB13x19 x=936, y=1368

* Common photographic paper sizes

w576h8648x12Sometimes used for 35 mmx=576, y=864
w792h100811x14 x=792, y=1008
w1152h144016x20 x=1152, y=1440
w1152h172816x2420x24 for 35 mmx=1152, y=1728
w1440h172820x24 x=1440, y=1728
w1440h216020x3024x30 for 35 mmx=1440, y=2160
w1584h216022x30Common watercolor sizex=1440, y=2160
w1728h216024x30 x=1728, y=2160
w1728h259224x36Sometimes used for 35 mmx=1728, y=2592
w2160h288030x40 x=2160, y=2880

International Paper Sizes (mostly taken from BS4000:1968)

* A series: Paper and boards, trimmed sizes * * A sizes are in the ratio 1 : sqrt(2). A0 has a total area * of 1 square metre. Everything is rounded to the nearest * millimetre. Thus, A0 is 841mm x 1189mm. Every other A * size is obtained by doubling or halving another A size.

w4768h67494A1682mm x 2378mmx=4768, y=6749
w3370h47682A1189mm x 1682mmx=3370, y=4768
A0A0841mm x 1189mmx=2384, y=3370
A1A1594mm x 841mmx=1684, y=2384
A2A2420mm x 594mmx=1191, y=1684
A3A3297mm x 420mmx=842, y=1191
A4A4210mm x 297mmx=595, y=842
A5A5148mm x 210mmx=420, y=595
A6A6105mm x 148mmx=297, y=420
A7A774mm x 105mmx=210, y=297
A8A852mm x 74mmx=148, y=210
A9A937mm x 52mmx=105, y=148
A10A1026mm x 37mmx=73, y=105

* Stock sizes for normal trims. * Allowance for trim is 3 millimetres.

w2437h3458RA0860mm x 1220mmx=2437, y=3458
w1729h2437RA1610mm x 860mmx=1729, y=2437
w1218h1729RA2430mm x 610mmx=1218, y=1729
w864h1218RA3305mm x 430mmx=864, y=1218
w609h864RA4215mm x 305mmx=609, y=864

* Stock sizes for bled work or extra trims.

w2551h3628SRA0900mm x 1280mmx=2551, y=3628
w1814h2551SRA1640mm x 900mmx=1814, y=2551
w1275h1814SRA2450mm x 640mmx=1275, y=1814
w907h1275SRA3320mm x 450mmx=907, y=1275
w637h907SRA4225mm x 320mmx=637, y=907

* "B" series: Posters, wall charts and similar items.

w5669h80164B ISO2000mm x 2828mmx=5669, y=8016
w4008h56692B ISO1414mm x 2000mmx=4008, y=5669
ISOB0B0 ISO1000mm x 1414mmx=2834, y=4008
ISOB1B1 ISO707mm x 1000mmx=2004, y=2834
ISOB2B2 ISO500mm x 707mmx=1417, y=2004
ISOB3B3 ISO353mm x 500mmx=1000, y=1417
ISOB4B4 ISO250mm x 353mmx=708, y=1000
ISOB5B5 ISO176mm x 250mmx=498, y=708
ISOB6B6 ISO125mm x 176mmx=354, y=498
ISOB7B7 ISO88mm x 125mmx=249, y=354
ISOB8B8 ISO62mm x 88mmx=175, y=249
ISOB9B9 ISO44mm x 62mmx=124, y=175
ISOB10B10 ISO31mm x 44mmx=87, y=124
B0B0 JIS x=2919, y=4127
B1B1 JIS x=2063, y=2919
B2B2 JIS x=1459, y=2063
B3B3 JIS x=1029, y=1459
B4B4 JIS x=727, y=1029
B5B5 JIS x=518, y=727
B6B6 JIS x=362, y=518
B7B7 JIS x=257, y=362
B8B8 JIS x=180, y=257
B9B9 JIS x=127, y=180
B10B10 JIS x=90, y=127

* "C" series: Envelopes or folders suitable for A size stationery.

C0C0917mm x 1297mmx=2599, y=3676
C1C1648mm x 917mmx=1836, y=2599
C2C2458mm x 648mmx=1298, y=1836
C3C3324mm x 458mmx=918, y=1298
C4C4229mm x 324mmx=649, y=918
C5C5162mm x 229mmx=459, y=649
w354h918B6-C4125mm x 324mmx=354, y=918
C6C6114mm x 162mmx=323, y=459
DLDL110mm x 220mmx=311, y=623
w229h459C7-681mm x 162mmx=229, y=459
C7C781mm x 114mmx=229, y=323
C8C857mm x 81mmx=161, y=229
C9C940mm x 57mmx=113, y=161
C10C1028mm x 40mmx=79, y=113

* US CAD standard paper sizes

ARCHAArchA9x12inx=648, y=864
ARCHA_transArchA transverse12x9 inx=864, y=648
ARCHBArchB12x18inx=864, y=1296
ARCHB_transArchB transverse18x12inx=1296, y=864
ARCHCArchC18x24inx=1296, y=1728
ARCHC_transArchC transverse24x18inx=1728, y=1296
ARCHDArchD24x36inx=1728, y=2592
ARCHD_transArchD transverse36x24inx=2592, y=1728
ARCHEArchE36x48inx=2592, y=3456
ARCHE_transArchE transverse48x36inx=3456, y=2592

* Foolscap

w612h936American foolscap x=612, y=936
w648h936European foolscap x=648, y=936

* Sizes for book production * The BPIF and the Publishers Association jointly recommend ten * standard metric sizes for case-bound titles as follows:

w535h697Crown Quarto189mm x 246mmx=535, y=697
w569h731Large Crown Quarto201mm x 258mmx=569, y=731
w620h782Demy Quarto219mm x 276mmx=620, y=782
w671h884Royal Quarto237mm x 312mmx=671, y=884
w348h527Crown Octavo123mm x 186mmx=348, y=527
w365h561Large Crown Octavo129mm x 198mmx=365, y=561
w391h612Demy Octavo138mm x 216mmx=391, y=612
w442h663Royal Octavo156mm x 234mmx=442, y=663

* Paperback sizes in common usage

w314h504Small paperback111mm x 178mmx=314, y=504
w314h513Penguin small paperback111mm x 181mmx=314, y=513
w365h561Penguin large paperback129mm x 198mmx=365, y=561

* Miscellaneous sizes

w283h420Hagaki Card100 x 148 mmx=283, y=420
w420h567Oufuku Card148 x 200 mmx=420, y=567
w340h666Long 3Japanese long envelope #3x=340, y=666
w255h581Long 4Japanese long envelope #4x=255, y=581
w680h941KakuJapanese Kaku envelope #4x=680, y=941
COM10Commercial 10 US Commercial 10 envx=297, y=684 
w315h414A2 Invitation US A2 invitationx=315, y=414 

Color Balancing Values: (min,max,default)

All of the values below are interpreted as being relative to norms for a particular printer established through testing, not absolute values of any kind.

The STP parameter is specified. The IJS parameter is created by removing the -d and beginning the options list with -sIjsParams. Thus




-dCyan=xxxxxx:0.0 ... 4.0 (1.0)
-dMagenta=xxxxxx:0.0 ... 4.0 (1.0)
-dYellow=xxxxxx:0.0 ... 4.0 (1.0)

These three options allow specification of the cyan, magenta, and yellow levels independently, for rebalancing the levels. Normally, these should be adjusted to yield neutral gray, but they can be used for other effects.

-dBrightness=xxxxxx:0.0 ... 2.0 (1.0)

Adjust the brightness of the image. 0.0 gives a fully black image; 2.0 gives a fully white image. Values greater than 1 will result in black not being solid and highlights turning white; values less than 1 will result in white not being perfectly clear and shadows turning black.

-dContrast=xxxxxx:0.0 ... 4.0 (1.0)

Adjust the contrast of the image. 0.0 gives a solid gray for the entire image, the exact gray depending upon the brightness chosen.

-dGamma=xxxxxx:0.1 ... 4.0 (1.0)

Adjust the gamma of the image, over and above the printer-specific correction. Gamma less than 1.0 will result in a darker image; gamma greater than 1.0 will result in a lighter image. Unlike brightness, gamma adjustment does not change the endpoints; it merely changes the shape of the input->output curve.

-dDensity=xxxxxx:0.1 ... 2.0 (1.0)

Adjust the amount of ink deposited on the paper. If you’ve chosen the correct paper type and you’re getting ink bleeding through the paper or puddling, try reducing the density to the lowest value you can while still achieving solid black. If you’re not getting solid black, even with the contrast and brightness at 1.0, try increasing the density.

All of the printers supported here actually need less than 100% ink density in most cases, so the actual density is something other than the nominal density setting. The effective density setting cannot go above 100%, so if a value specified will result in an excessively high density level, it will be silently limited to 1.0.

-dSaturation=xxxxxx:0.0 ... 9.0 (1.0)

Adjust the brilliance of colors. 0.0 results in pure grayscale; using this with -dColor=1 is one way of getting grayscale (see below under -dColor for a full discussion). Saturation of less than 1.0 results in more muted colors; saturation of greater than 1.0 results in more vibrant colors. Very high saturation often results in very strange effects, including posterization and banding that might not be expected. For normal purposes, the saturation should generally be less than 1.5.

Dithering Algorithms:

The option names are case sensitive. Two names are listed for each resolution; the first (short) name is the value that must be passed to -sDither, and the second (long) name is descriptive.

Option STP: -sDither=algorithm Option IJS: -sIjsParams=Dither=algorithm

AdaptiveAdaptive Hybrid
EvenToneEvenTone screening (experimental)
VeryFastVery Fast
FloydHybrid Floyd-Steinberg

For highest quality, we recommend use of Adaptive Hybrid dithering. For continuous tone images, Ordered works just as well and is somewhat faster. Ordered dithering yields noticeably inferior results with text and intricate line art, particularly at high resolutions.

EvenTone dithering is a relatively new screening technology developed by Raph Levien. It offers superior smoothness in highlights and midtones, and increased accuracy in shadows, resulting in significantly improved results overall. The version of EvenTone dithering that we are using is enhanced with some additional improvements we have made. It currently only operates with CMYK (4, 6, or 7 color output) with RGB input, and should be considered experimental. Note that it is patented (see US patent 5917614), but it is licensed for use with GPL software. See for more information.

Fast dithering, which is a simplified version of ordered dither, is significantly faster, but color accuracy is worse, particularly on six color printers and printer using variable dot sizes. On simple four color printers, the quality is quite reasonable, although color printing will show more speckling in dark tones than Ordered dither. For single dot size printers, printing grayscale, this algorithm yields almost identical results to Ordered with some performance improvement. On three color printers, the results should be very similar to Ordered.

Very Fast is even faster than Fast, with even more loss of quality. It shows even more speckling, and the output is heavily patterned. On laser printers, and possibly on certain kinds of text and line art, Very Fast dithering may actually yield the best quality.

Error diffusion algorithms (Hybrid Floyd-Steinberg is such an algorithm) perform very well at high densities, and are capable of rendering very fine detail well, but they tend to exhibit artifacts in the form of waves or worms of dots which results in noticeable texturing in pale areas. Furthermore, pale areas immediately adjacent to white take a while to build up sufficient error to print at all. This is sometimes called tearing Its use is not recommended.

Output Type


-dColor=xx:0 ... 2 (1 on color printers, 0 otherwise)

1Color (RGB)
2Black and white


Black and white:-sProcessColorModel=DeviceGray -dBitsPerSample=1
Color (RGB):-sProcessColorModel=DeviceRGB
Color (CMYK):-sProcessColorModel=DeviceCMYK

Choose color vs. grayscale output. Color output is the default. Choosing -dColor=0 results in only black ink (no color ink) being used, which is faster and usually results in the most accurate grayscale, but at the expense of smoothness. If you want composite color (using a mixture of color and black inks to produce gray), use -dColor=1 and -dSaturation=0.0 (see -dSaturation above).

In addition, using -dColor=0 uses luminance (perceived brightness) of red, green, and blue to choose output levels. Blue of a given intensity is perceived to be much darker than red, which in turn appears darker than green. -dColor=1 and -dSaturation=0.0 does not use luminance.

-dColor=2 prints only black and white (thresholding). This option always uses Fast dithering unless you specify Very Fast.

CMYK output may be used with the IJS driver only. It is useful if you’re printing a CMYK graphic and want explicit control over the inks. Generally it yields inferior quality, as Gimp-Print has good algorithms for converting RGB (screen) into CMYK (inks) that take into account paper type, ink type, and other variables. In CMYK mode, the brightness, contrast, and saturation controls do not function.

Image type (to optimize the dither):


-dImageType=xx:0 ... 2 (0)



Select the image type most representative of what’s being printed.

0Line art (color or gray scale)
1Primarily solid colors or smooth gradients (color or gray scale)
2Continuous-tone photographs (color or gray scale)

Option 0 is the fastest. It generates strong, but not particularly accurate, colors. There may be some fairly sharp color transitions in this mode.

Option 1 generates more accurate colors, but is slower.

Option 2 generates the most accurate colors, but is considerably slower.

Note that any of the modes may be used with either color or black & white output. If black and white output is requested, but a color mode used, composite color will be printed. This generally offers smoother tone, but less purity of gray or black, than pure black ink. Furthermore, it is possible to tune the color of the gray (to achieve warmer or cooler effects) using the color controls in this fashion.

Specifying a lower GhostScript resolution (with -r) results in faster color conversion. For example, if you print at 1440x720 DPI, but specify a Ghostscript resolution of 360 DPI (with -r360), output will be significantly faster and there will be much less difference in performance between the three image type options.


Note that a lot of these options are used for demonstration; generally adjusting the density is a bad idea!

Example 1 (print charts to file, using A4 paper, color, 360 dpi):

gs -sDEVICE=stp -sModel=escp2-ex -dDensity=1.6 -dGamma=1.5 -dSaturation=0.9 \ -dBrightness=.4 -dImageType=1 -sPAPERSIZE=a4 \ -sOutputFile=itsyourchoice.prn

gs -sDEVICE=ijs -sIjsServer=/usr/bin/ijsgimpprint \ -sDeviceManufacturer=EPSON -sDeviceModel=escp2-ex -sPAPERSIZE=a4 \ -sOutputFile=itsyourchoice.prn \ -sIjsParams=Density=1.6,Gamma=1.5,Saturation=0.9,Brightness=0.4,ImageType=1 \

Example 2 (print color photograph to /dev/lp0 at maximum quality):

gs -q -dSAFER -dNOPAUSE -sDEVICE=stp -sModel=escp2-870 -dDensity=0.8 \ -r1440x720 -sQuality=1440x720hq -sMediaType=GlossyPhoto \ -dImageType=2 -sOutputFile=/dev/lp0

gs -sDEVICE=ijs -sIjsServer=/usr/bin/ijsgimpprint \ -sDeviceManufacturer=EPSON -sDeviceModel=escp2-870 \ -sOutputFile=/dev/lp0 \ -sIjsParams=’Quality=1440x720hq,MediaType=GlossyPhoto,Density=0.8,ImageType=2’ \

Example 3 (print pure black text to stdout)

gs -q -dSAFER -dNOPAUSE -sDEVICE=stp -sModel=escp2-660 -dDensity=0.8 -r720 \ -sQuality=720sw -dColor=2 -sOutputFile=-

gs -sDEVICE=ijs -sIjsServer=/usr/bin/ijsgimpprint \ -sDeviceManufacturer=EPSON -sDeviceModel=escp2-660 -dIjsUseOutputFD \ -sProcessColorModel=DeviceGray -dBitsPerSample=1 -sOutputFile=- \ -sIjsParams=’Quality=720sw,Density=0.8’


gs(1), gs-pcl3(1).

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