autom4te - Generate files and scripts thanks to M4


autom4te [OPTION]... [FILES]


Run GNU M4 on the FILES, avoiding useless runs. Output the traces if tracing, the frozen file if freezing, otherwise the expansion of the FILES.

If some of the FILES are named ‘FILE.m4f’ they are considered to be M4 frozen files of all the previous files (which are therefore not loaded). If ‘FILE.m4f’ is not found, then ‘FILE.m4’ will be used, together with all the previous files.

Some files may be optional, i.e., will only be processed if found in the include path, but then must end in ‘.m4?’; the question mark is not part of the actual file name.

Operation modes:

-h, --help print this help, then exit
-V, --version
 print version number, then exit
-v, --verbose
 verbosely report processing
-d, --debug
 don’t remove temporary files
-o, --output=FILE
 save output in FILE (defaults to ‘-’, stdout)
-f, --force
 don’t rely on cached values
-W, --warnings=CATEGORY
 report the warnings falling in CATEGORY
-l, --language=LANG
 specify the set of M4 macros to use
-C, --cache=DIRECTORY
 preserve results for future runs in DIRECTORY
 disable the cache
-m, --mode=OCTAL
 change the non trace output file mode (0666)
-M, --melt don’t use M4 frozen files

Languages include:

 create Autoconf configure scripts
 create Autotest test suites
‘M4sh’ create M4sh shell scripts
 create M4sugar output

Warning categories include:

 cross compilation issues
‘gnu’ GNU coding standards (default in gnu and gnits modes)
 obsolete features or constructions
 user redefinitions of Automake rules or variables
 portability issues (default in gnu and gnits modes)
 dubious syntactic constructs (default)
 unsupported or incomplete features (default)
‘all’ all the warnings
 turn off warnings in CATEGORY
‘none’ turn off all the warnings
 treat warnings as errors
The environment variables ‘M4’ and ‘WARNINGS’ are honored.

Library directories:

-B, --prepend-include=DIR
 prepend directory DIR to search path
-I, --include=DIR
 append directory DIR to search path


-t, --trace=MACRO[:FORMAT]
 report the MACRO invocations
-p, --preselect=MACRO
 prepare to trace MACRO in a future run


-F, --freeze
 produce an M4 frozen state file for FILES

FORMAT defaults to `$f:$l:$n:$%', and can use the following escapes:

$$ literal $
$f file where macro was called
$l line where macro was called
$d nesting depth of macro call
$n name of the macro
$NUM argument NUM, unquoted and with newlines
$SEP@ all arguments, with newlines, quoted, and separated by SEP
$SEP* all arguments, with newlines, unquoted, and separated by SEP
$SEP% all arguments, without newlines, unquoted, and separated by SEP
SEP can be empty for the default (comma for @ and *, colon for %), a single character for that character, or {STRING} to use a string.


Written by Akim Demaille.


Report bugs to <>.


Copyright © 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv2+: GNU GPL version 2 or later <> This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.


autoconf(1), automake(1), autoreconf(1), autoupdate(1), autoheader(1), autoscan(1), config.guess(1), config.sub(1), ifnames(1), libtool(1).

The full documentation for autom4te is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and autom4te programs are properly installed at your site, the command
info autom4te
should give you access to the complete manual.

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